Main Market Square

Main Market Square
Rynek Główny
32-600 Oswiecim

In the first half of the 14th century, the main market place (presentday main market square) in Oświęcim was set up. The frontagesof the square market consisted of wooden buildings, and their arrangement was largely identical with the current layout.We know that in the 16th century a two floor brick town hall was erected, but the buildings around the square were still wooden.

In the 19th century the main square was described by Jan Niepomucen Gątkowski in his Rys dziejow księstwa oświęcimskiego i zatorskiego from 1867: “in the centre of the square formed mainly by rows of wooden houses, was a two-floor town hall,renovated in 1792 and fitted with a clock. The only ornaments of this small and simple square were aristocrats’houses, a statue of St. Jan Nepomucen and the municipal well – very deep, with a wheel to draw water, which nobody drank as several people

drowned there. Next to the town hall there was a reservoirs with water used for extinguishing fires.” After two fires in the second half of the 19th century, the buildings around the square were rebuilt mostly in brick. During World War II the square was partially restructured by the Germans. The arcades at Plebańska Street and on the corner of the former Herz Hotel were realised according to a more complex restructuring plan. At that time, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and the statue of St. John Nepomucen were removed from the square. The Germans cut down the trees planted in the inter-war period.

In the period of 2012-14 the Main Market Square was rebuilt within the funds from Oświęcim Strategic Government Programme. The fragments of the sixteenth century town hall walls were exposed and illuminated in the market square and the pre-war municipal well was replicated. The city fountain is a large attraction for all.

Opening hours